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Parakeet Colors And Mutations
Here is a list of all the basic budgie clors and mutations in alphabetical order and then descriptions of each mutation;
Albino
Blue
Cinnamon
Clearflight
Clearwing
Crested
Dominant Pied (Australian Pied/Banded Pied)
Fallow
Green
Grey
Greywing
Lutino
Lacewing
Opaline
Rainbow
Recessive Pied (Harlequin/Danish Pied)
Red Eyed Lacewing
Royal Opaline
Seafoam
Spangle
Violet
Yellow/Lemon
Yellowface
Hey everybody! Buddy's a LEMON, and Kito's a recessive PIE! LOL LOL LOL!
NOT funny Benjamin!
Hee Hee!
HEY!
ALBINOS
An albino is an all white budgie with red eyes. Albinos lack the black pigment melanin. Their eyes lack the dark layer which protects against light - this allows the red blood to show through making their eyes red in color. This lack of protection for their eyes makes them more sensitive to light. The 'alb' in albino denotes the color white. The albino is the blue series verion of a Lutino. This is a sex-linked trait.





Normal Blue Budgies are one of the more popular colors for pet budgies. They are generally classified into skyblues, cobalts, and mauves.


Skyblue
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - bright sky blue color with black and white wavey striped wings and back.
• Tail Feathers - blueish black.
• Throat Spots - three black spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple
Cobalt
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - rich cobalt blue color with black and white wavey striped wings and back.
• Tail Feathers - blueish black and darker than the skyblue
• Throat Spots - three black spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple
Mauve
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - purply-blueish-grey color with black and white wavey striped wings and back.
• Tail Feathers - blueish black and slightly darker than the skyblue and cobalt
• Throat Spots - three black spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple
• NOTE: - Color is often splotchy and uneven.








A cinnamon can be any body color. Cinnamons are colored very much like a normal budgie except where it would normally be black on the wings, it is cinnamon brown, and their body colors look somewhat washed out.


Cinnamon
• Mask (face) - depends on 'base' color
• Body - 'base' body color is muted to about 50% of a non-cinnamon. For example, cinnamon would turn a sky blue to a powder blue.
• Tail Feathers - whatever the'base' color is with a hint of cinnamon brown
• Throat Spots - three cinnamon brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple (except in the cinnamon grey green which will have grey to slate colored cheek patches)
• NOTE: - This is a sex-linked trait.
• NOTE: - Cinnamon babies are born with reddish colored eyes but this changes to the normal dark eye colors within about a week.
• NOTE: - Males often are a slightly deeper shade than females
Cinnamon Skyblue
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - skyblue body color is muted to about 50% of a non-cinnamon. Cinnamon brown wavy on white for wings and back
• Tail Feathers - blueish color with a hint of cinnamon brown
• Throat Spots - three cinnamon brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple
Cinnamon Cobalt
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - cobalt blue body color is muted to about 50% of a non-cinnamon. Cinnamon brown wavy on white for wings and back
• Tail Feathers - cobalt color with a hint of cinnamon brown
• Throat Spots - three cinnamon brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple
Cinnamon Mauve
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - purply-mauve body color is muted to about 50% of a non-cinnamon. Cinnamon brown wavy on white for wings and back
• Tail Feathers - purply-mauve color with a hint of cinnamon brown
• Throat Spots - three cinnamon brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple
Cinnamon Grey
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - grey body color is muted to about 50% of a non-cinnamon. Cinnamon brown wavy on white for wings and back
• Tail Feathers - cinnamon brown
• Throat Spots - three cinnamon brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - grey to slate
Cinnamon Grey Green
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - grey green body color is muted to about 50% of a non-cinnamon. Cinnamon brown wavy on white for wings and back
• Tail Feathers - cinnamon brown
• Throat Spots - three cinnamon brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple
Cinnamon Violet
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - violet body color is muted to about 50% of a non-cinnamon. Cinnamon brown wavy on white for wings and back
• Tail Feathers - pale cinnamon brown
• Throat Spots - three cinnamon brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple
Cinnamon Light Yellow
• Mask (face) - buttercup yellow
• Body - buttercup yellow body color is muted to about 50% of a non-cinnamon. Cinnamon brown wavy on yellow for wings and back
• Tail Feathers - lighter than body color with a hint of cinnamon brown
• Throat Spots - three cinnamon brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - pale purple
• Feet - pink
Cinnamon Light Green
• Mask (face) - yellow
• Body - grass green body color is muted to about 50% of a non-cinnamon. Cinnamon brown wavy on yellow for wings and back
• Tail Feathers - dark blue with a hint of brown
• Throat Spots - three cinnamon brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple
Cinnamon Dark Green
• Mask (face) - yellow
• Body - grass green body color is muted to about 50% of a non-cinnamon. Cinnamon brown wavy on yellow for wings and back
• Tail Feathers - dark blue with a hint of brown
• Throat Spots - three cinnamon brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple
Cinnamon Olive Green
• Mask (face) - yellow
• Body - olive green body color is muted to about 50% of a non-cinnamon. Cinnamon brown wavy on yellow for wings and back
• Tail Feathers - slightly darker blue with a hint of brown
• Throat Spots - three cinnamon brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple






Skyblue
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - bright sky blue color with black and white wavey striped wings and back.
• Tail Feathers - blueish black.
• Throat Spots - three black spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple







Clearwing
Any color budgie with white wings. First recorded in the 1930s in Australia. No wing markings - only ground color. (yellow or white wings with normal blue or green body)
Clearwings are a bird of any color, but the body color and cheek markings should be as dark and as close to normal as possible while the wings are as light and as close to pure white or yellow as possible. Very few clearwings have truly "clear" wings. Most have at least a tinge of light
grey.






Crested Budgies
Tufted Crest - crest extends upward from the top of the cere. (like a cockatiel's crest)
Full Circular Crest - crest extends outward radially from the middle of the head.
Half Circular Crest - crest feathers are in a half-circle and can either extend upward or outward right above the cere.






A fallow can be almost any body color. Fallows are colored very much like a normal budgie except where it would normally be black on the wings, it is brown, and their body colors look somewhat washed out.
Fallows are very close in appearance to cinnamons. There are only a few minor differences between them one being that the fallow's brown coloring is slightly darker than the cinnamon; more of a bronze color, while its body color is slightly lighter. But the most distinguishing feature between a fallow and a cinnamon is that the fallow has dark red eyes. (Darker than the eyes of the Inos). There are 2 different classifications of Fallow: German and English - the only difference between them being that the English Fallow is a recessive trait while the German Fallow is a sex-linked trait.
Fallow
• Mask (face) - depends on 'base' color
• Body - 'base' body color is muted to about 50% of a non-fallow and dark brown wavy patterns against white background wings and back.
• Tail Feathers - whatever the 'base' color is with a hint of dark brown
• Throat Spots - three brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple
• Eyes - dark red
• Legs - pinkish red
Fallow Light Green
• Mask (face) - yellow
• Body - greenish-yellow color muted to about 50% of a non-fallow; dark brown wavy patterns against white background wings and back.
• Tail Feathers - Dark grey-blue
• Throat Spots - three dark brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple
Fallow Dark Green
• Mask (face) - yellow
• Body - grassy green color muted to about 50% of a non-fallow; dark brown wavy patterns against white background wings and back.
• Tail Feathers - Dark grey-blue
• Throat Spots - three dark brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple
Fallow Olive Green
• Mask (face) - yellow
• Body - olive green color muted to about 50% of a non-fallow; dark brown wavy patterns against white background wings and back.
• Tail Feathers - Dark grey-blue
• Throat Spots - three dark brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple






Normal Green Budgies are the most similar in color to the wild Australian budgerigar. They are generally classified into light greens, dark greens, and olive greens.


Light Green
• Mask (face) - buttercup yellow
• Body - mostly grass green with upper back and background of wings light yellow
• Tail Feathers - blueish black.
• Throat Spots - three black spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple
Dark Green
• Mask (face) - buttercup yellow
• Body - darker green than the light green variety mostly grass green with upper back and background of wings light yellow
• Tail Feathers - blueish black and darker than the light green
• Throat Spots - three black spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple
• NOTE: - Green is sometimes splotchy and may even have a little blue in it.
Olive Green
• Mask (face) - buttercup yellow
• Body - olive green color with upper back and background of wings light yellow
• Tail Feathers - blueish black and darker than the light green variety
• Throat Spots - three black spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple
• NOTE: - Green is sometimes splotchy and may even have a little blue in it.







Normal Blue Budgies are one of the more popular colors for pet budgies. They are generally classified into skyblues, cobalts, and mauves.


Recessive Grey (English Grey)
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - grey body with black and white wavy stripes on the back and wings
• Tail Feathers - black
• Throat Spots - three black spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - blueish grey to slate color
• Comes in light, medium and dark grey
Dominant Grey (Australian Grey)
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - grey body with black and white wavy stripes on the back and wings
• Tail Feathers - black
• Throat Spots - three black spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - blueish grey to slate color
• Grey, full grey, white grey, cinnamon grey, fallow grey, and gray yellowface






A greywing can be any body color. Greywings are colored very much like a normal budgie except where it would normally be black on the wings, it is grey, and their body colors look somewhat washed out.


Greywing
• Mask (face) - depends on 'base' color
• Body - 'base' body color is muted to about 50% of a non-greywing. Grey wavy markings on back and wings.
• Tail Feathers - whatever the'base' color is with a hint of grey
• Throat Spots - three grey spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - pale purple
• NOTE: - This is a recessive trait.
Greywing Skyblue
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - skyblue muted to about 50% of a non-greywing. Grey wavy markings on back and wings.
• Tail Feathers - blueish grey
• Throat Spots - three grey spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - pale purple
Greywing Cobalt
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - cobalt blue muted to about 50% of a non-greywing. Grey wavy markings on back and wings.
• Tail Feathers - darker blueish grey
• Throat Spots - three grey spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - pale purple
Greywing Mauve
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - violet muted to about 50% of a non-greywing. Grey wavy markings on back and wings.
• Tail Feathers - slightly darker blueish grey
• Throat Spots - three grey spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - pale purple
Greywing Violet
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - violet muted to about 50% of a non-greywing. Grey wavy markings on back and wings.
• Tail Feathers - slightly darker blueish grey
• Throat Spots - three grey spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - pale purple
Greywing Light Green
• Mask (face) - yellow
• Body - grassy green muted to about 50% of a non-greywing. Grey wavy markings on back and wings.
• Tail Feathers - blueish grey
• Throat Spots - three grey spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - pale purple
Greywing Dark Green
• Mask (face) - yellow
• Body - green muted to about 50% of a non-greywing. Grey wavy markings on back and wings.
• Tail Feathers - blueish grey
• Throat Spots - three grey spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - pale purple
Greywing Olive Green
• Mask (face) - yellow
• Body - olive green muted to about 50% of a non-greywing.
• Tail Feathers - blueish grey
• Throat Spots - three grey spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - pale purple
Greywing Grey Green
• Mask (face) - yellow
• Body - mustard-grey muted to about 50% of a non-greywing. Grey wavy markings on back and wings.
• Tail Feathers - dark grey
• Throat Spots - three grey spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - pale grey
Greywing Grey
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - skyblue/grey muted to about 50% of a non-greywing. Grey wavy markings on back and wings.
• Tail Feathers - dark grey
• Throat Spots - three grey spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - pale grey






Sometimes referred to as yellow albinos, lutinos are an all yellow bird with red eyes and reddish colored legs.


Lutino
• A lutino is actually the albino of the green series.
• NOTE: - this is sometimes a sex-linked trait. There are two mutations - one which is sex-linked and the other not. Because these two mutations are visually identical, they can only be distinguished through breeding







Beautiful colored effervescent budgies with very clear backs and brilliant color. They are really just oopaline that have a super good color. They are fairly rare most likely due to the need to breed opaline to normal to avoid the thumb print on the wing.
lacewings have yellow/white with brown
Lacewings are either yellow or white. They all have red eyes and they all have light brown spots and markings on the wings and a verylight brown tail. They cheek markings on lacewings are a rosy color. (Looks like an albino or lutino with slight light brown markings)


An opaline has a V-shaped design on the back. A good quality opaline should have no shell-like markings on the back between the wings and there may be some body color in the wing markings. Opaline is a sex-linked trait.


Opaline Skyblue
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - An even skyblue color with back of head and upper back (creating a clear "V" shape between the wings) skyblue; wings black and skyblue in symmetrical wavy pattern.
• Tail Feathers -
• Throat Spots -
• Cheek Patches -
• NOTE: -
Opaline Cinnamon Light Green
• Mask (face) - buttercup yellow
• Body - An even very light grassy green color with back of head and upper back (creating a clear "V" shape between the wings) buttercup yellow, wings same color as body with cinnamon brown markings.
• Tail Feathers -
• Throat Spots - 3 cinnamon brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - Purple
Opaline Light Green
• Mask (face) - buttercup yellow
• Body - An even, bright, grassy green color with back of head and upper back (creating a clear "V" shape between the wings) buttercup yellow, wings black and grassy green in symmetrical wavy pattern.
• Tail Feathers -
• Throat Spots - 3 black spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - Purple
Opaline Dark Green
• Mask (face) - buttercup yellow
• Body - An even, dark green color with back of head and upper back (creating a clear "V" shape between the wings) buttercup yellow, wings black and dark green in symmetrical wavy pattern.
• Tail Feathers - slightly darker than light green opaline
• Throat Spots - 3 black spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - Purple
Opaline Olive Green
• Mask (face) - buttercup yellow
• Body - An even, olive green color with back of head and upper back (creating a clear "V" shape between the wings) buttercup yellow, wings black and olive green in symmetrical wavy pattern.
• Tail Feathers - darker than dark green opaline
• Throat Spots - 3 black spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - Purple
Opaline Grey Green
• Mask (face) - buttercup yellow
• Body - An even dull light green color with back of head and upper back (creating a clear "V" shape between the wings) buttercup yellow, wings black and dull light green in symmetrical wavy pattern.
• Tail Feathers -
• Throat Spots - 3 black spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - Grey







"Rainbow" is an unofficial term for a very colorful budgie -- usually clearwing opaline yellowface (type1) blues. The wing markings should be as faint as possible. Greywings, and whites (opaline yellowface blue) are also often referred to as rainbows. Rainbows are not recognized as a specific variety for show, but they can be shown as clearwings (where they would most likely not win as opaline clearwings of any variety rarely do because they don't have "clear" wings.) so they would be better off, and usually are, entered as an Any Other Variety rare. However, if one is raising birds for the pet market, the Rainbow is highly sought after as a pet or breeder. By the way, the opaline yellowface (type 1) blue spangle is also spectacular and easier to produce and larger than the true rainbow.





Red Eyed Lacewings are either an all yellow or white budgie with a light brown wing pattern.


White Red Eyed Lacewing
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - white with cinnamon brown and white wavey striped wings and back.
• Tail Feathers - cinnamon brown
• Throat Spots - three cinnamon brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - pale purple
• Eyes - red (darker than albinos) with light iris ring
Yellow Red Eyed Lacewing
• Mask (face) - yellow
• Body - yellow with cinnamon brown and yellow wavey striped wings and back.
• Tail Feathers - cinnamon brown
• Throat Spots - three cinnamon brown spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - pale purple
• Eyes - red (darker than albinos) with light iris ring






Beautifully colored effervescent budgies with very clear backs and brilliant color. They are really just opalines that have a super good color. They are fairly rare most likely due to the need to breed opaline to normal to avoid the thumb print on the wing.





The seafoam is supposed to lack the wing markings which distinguish the rainbow. A nice clearwing or greywing sky or cobalt male will give you a couple of nice seafoams. Seafoam is not really a true variety. Just a work to describe a color (in my experience a yellowface type II)





Spangle:
• Spangles have reversed wing markings. The wing markings look more like a very thin scallop on each wing feather.
• NOTE: - Spangle is a dominant trait.




True Violet Budgies were considered a rare occurance. Although because the violet factor is dominant, their rarity is questionable. The violet factor isn't actually a color in itself, but rather it is an intensifier of color.


Normal Violet
• Mask (face) - white
• Body - deep violet color with black and white wavey striped wings and back.
• Tail Feathers - dark blueish black.
• Throat Spots - three black spots on each side
• Cheek Patches - purple





Normal Yellow Budgies are one of the most difficult colors to achieve. Many yellow budgies, especially pet budgies, have a slight infusion of green in their color. Normal yellow budgies are similar to, but not the same as Lutinos. They are generally classified into light yellow, dark yellow, and olive yellow.


Light Yellow
• Mask (face) - buttercup yellow
• Body - buttercup yellow color with little to no signs of the normal wing markings.
• Tail Feathers - slightly lighter yellow.
• Throat Spots - none
• Cheek Patches - very light purple - barely visible.
Dark Yellow/Medium yellow/Lemon yellow
• Mask (face) - buttercup yellow
• Body - slightly darker yellow than the light yellow with little to no signs of the normal wing markings.
• Tail Feathers - slightly lighter yellow
• Throat Spots - none
• Cheek Patches - light blueish purple - barely visible.
Olive Yellow
• Mask (face) - buttercup/mustard yellow
• Body - mustard yellow with little to no signs of the normal wing markings.
• Tail Feathers - blueish black and slightly darker than the skyblue and cobalt
• Throat Spots - none
• Cheek Patches - blueish purple.





Yellowface Type 1
Yellow mask and yellow rim on tail feathers. Yellow on the head. The yellow does not spread over the body.

Yellow Face Type 2
Same as type 1 only the yellow spreads after first molt. Whole body yellow tint. (Yellowface II will turn a blue budgie ocean green)
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Parakeet Genetics Glossary

Phenotype
The physical appearance and the classification of the budgie.

Genotype
The genetic makeup or DNA of a specific budgie.

Heredity
The transfer of genetic information from parents to their young.

Genetics
The study of heredity.

Genes
Parts of a chromosome. The smallest and most basic unit of heredity.

Chromosomes
Packets of DNA that carry hereditary information.

Gametes
Reproductive cells (sperm or egg). Each one contains all the information necessary to create a baby budgie.

Mutations
A mostly genetic change from the normal color DNA.
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